第一步，学生要明白what to write，具体就是要读透写作指令语，准确解读出该书面表达的显性要点和隐性要点；
第二步学生要明白whom to write to, 即明确写作对象，采用哪种得体的语言进行写作；
第三步是how to write,即如何运用恰当语句进行符合逻辑的表达。
这三步概括起来就是审题，语气和组织。如果要更具体地理解这三步，审题就包括：What is the task? What is the purpose? What is the message? 审语气就包括：Who am I? Who is the reader? 组织语言就包括：How to address my readers? How to organize the message? How to connect the given part?
试题要求：假定你是校学生会主席李华，你校近日将举行中国传统文化节系列活动，请你给外教Mr. Smith 写一封电子邮件，邀请他参加，邮件内容：
I’m Li hua, the chairman of student union. On the Monday morning, in order to develop and expand Chinese traditional culture, we will conduct a range of events about Chinese traditional culture festival, which all the students will take part in. We also will decorate the library in advance to make a good atmosphere. This activity include: Chinese traditional calligraphy and painting, exhibition, Peking opera performance, ancient poetry reading and so on. Each part all has wonderful performance and enjoys historical cultural deposits.
Hope you can join us
这位学生只看到了作文题目的显性要点，但是忽略了审语气，即whom to write to , 这封是写给外教老师的邀请信只在最后写了一句Hope you can join us.另外We also will decorate the library in advance to make a good atmosphere. 这句话几乎跟内容没有什么关系， 对于what to write 审的也不够准确。
2. 参与要求（稿件内容、 截止时间）；
学生A：Our English club plans to hold an activity called “English Book Recommendation” next month, which can make more students notice the great books.
学生B：With the purpose of promoting the atmosphere of book reading, our English club decides to hold an activity called Book Recommendation, which would be a perfect platform to join the English lovers together. So why don’t you join us and share your favorite English book?
学生C：As the famous saying goes, books are the ladder of human progress. To arouse the interest in reading and strengthen English reading ability, an activity called Book Recommendation will be organized by our English club next month. Whoever has an interest in English reading can recommend the book that is his favorite of all.
A同学只能基本传达作文题目的含义，其语言没能让全校同学感受到有参与活动的热情。而B同学和C同学除了交代what to write的要点，还适当的补充了supporting details,对于whom to write to , 语言拿捏的很恰当，对于how to write，运用了丰富句型来表达，他们的语言实现了调动全校学生积极参与的目的。
The delivery service is currently bringing tremendous benefits and convenience, saving enormous time and trouble for us. However, considerable problems also arise from the prosperity of it. Particularly, recent years have witnessed the sharp increase of the traffic accidents involving the deliver workers. They are reported to have been injured or even killed in the traffic accidents. For one thing, the rise of the accidents is largely due to the growing demand for the delivery service.
Tim used to stay up late watching TV, so his study suffered.
Tim’s study suffered because / since /as he always stayed up late watching TV.
Due to his staying up late watching TV every night, Tim’s study suffered.
Always staying up late watching TV, Tim lagged far behind his classmates.
Tim used to stay up late watching TV, which led his study to decline sharply.
You’re expected to be punctual, for it’s one of the Chinese virtues.
Now that you’re interested in our traditional culture, why not join in the activity?
We decided to go to the beach since it was a nice day.
The elderly are keen on practicing Tai chi, as it is believed to do good to their health.
Considering that you are just a beginner, you might as well make some preparations.
If I were you, I would choose some tea or wine, which are often popularly served in China.
Chengdu is home to many places of interest, the most famous of which is Du Fu Thatched Cottage.
It’s a key to knowing about Chinese culture, by which you can broaden your horizons and gain wisdom.
When it comes to taking courses concerning Chinese traditional culture, there are many options, among which paper cutting is highly recommended.
学生初稿：Tom used to play computer games, so his grades are getting worse and worse. At one time, he found it difficult to give up playing them. His teacher told him that he should put study as the most important part. With the help of teachers, he gradually found that the more he learned, the more interested he was in study. Now his parents are proud of him.
学生改写稿： Tom used to be glued to computer games, which led to a sharp decline in his academic performance. However, he had a hard time getting rid of the addiction and felt depressed. Fortunately, his teacher encouraged him and told him he was supposed to make study a top priority. Thanks to his teacher’s timely help and guidance, Tom grew increasingly interested in study and his parents took great pride in his amazing progress.
1.the beginning, body and ending
2. a topic sentence + key words
1. the key points
2. supporting details
3. logical connection
2. transitional & linking words
3. varied and appropriate language
neat and clean
第一课时 Pre-writing → Writing
第二课时 Assessment → Proofreading & appreciation
第三课时 Feedback →Rewriting
具体来讲， 第一课时，也就是在pre-writing阶段，老师要带领学生一起审题，按照what to write, whom to write to 和how to write的方面让学生做好写的准备，我们常常让学生brain storm来collect ideas，accumulate related expressions, 并在合理性，恰当性，重要性的原则下去选择写哪些内容，给学生的输出搭好支架。学生再开始individual writing；
第二课时，老师应给出这篇作文的评价标准，老师可以先用不同水平层次的文章来做示范，再到学生的互评，完成同伴的proofreading & appreciation。课后老师把学生作文收起来，收集问题，整理出该作文的好词好句；
主管单位：四川省教育考试院 主办单位：四川省招生考试指导中心 版权所有
Copyright © 2006-2019 SCEEIC ZSKSB ZSZZS Corporation, All Rights Reserved